General Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan’s former military leader, has been sentenced to death at a special court hearing in Islamabad, the BBC reports.
The three-member court sentenced him over a high treason charge that has been pending since 2013.
Gen Musharraf seized power in a military coup in 1999 and served as the country’s president from 2001 to 2008.
He is currently in Dubai after being allowed to leave the country for medical treatment in 2016.
The charge relates to Gen Musharraf’s suspension of the constitution in 2007, when he imposed emergency rule in a move intended to extend his tenure.
He issued a video statement from a hospital bed earlier this month, describing the case against him as “baseless”.
Gen Musharraf is the first military ruler to ever stand trial in Pakistan for overruling the constitution.
The verdict was announced Tuesday with a 2-1 majority.
He was a appointed to lead the Pakistani army in 1998.
The army’s involvement in the Kargil War in May 1999 caused a major rift between him and then-Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, and the army general seized power in a coup in 1999.
Serving as president until 2008, Gen Musharraf survived numerous assassination attempts and plots against him during his time in power.
He is best known internationally for his role in the US “war on terror”, which he supported after the 9/11 attacks despite domestic opposition.